Food products are selected according to their glycemic index (GI) for two reasons. The first reason - in the presence of excess weight, when a person wants to throw off those extra pounds. The second reason is for diabetes mellitus type 2 and type 1.
In general, eating foods with low GI is very useful. Besides the fact that they are rich in vitamin-mineral complex, carbohydrates contained in such food, for a long time they saturate the body with energy and do not form fat deposits. In addition, this principle of nutrition can rightly be called correct.
With type 2 diabetes, some of the vegetables are banned, particularly corn. However, popcorn is its derivative, doctors often forget to tell patients whether it can be eaten and whether the organism will benefit from this product, or, on the contrary, it will only aggravate blood glucose values. About popcorn and will be discussed in this article.
Corn is considered a pantry of vitamins and minerals. Corn grits are rightly called "golden". It contains many vitamins of group B, ascorbic acid, retinol, dietary fiber, volatile production, potassium and calcium. This legume culture is considered a powerful antioxidant, which removes half-life products from the body, and slows down the aging process.
The composition of corn is a lot of carbohydrates, about 80 grams per 100 grams of the finished product. It makes her quite nutritious. One portion of corn porridge (hominy) will give a feeling of satiety for a long time and will save a person from unhealthy snacks. However, when popcorn is produced from this cereal, it becomes more nutritious, since moisture evaporates from it.
To use only a quality product, it is required to prepare it yourself. At the same time, fast food shop will not work. American scientists have found that in the process of cooking popcorn in the microwave, in its packaging produces a toxic substance that can cause lung disease.
However, acquiring a quality product, the human body receives the following vitamins and minerals:
- B vitamins;
- vitamin E;
- vitamin PP;
- polyphenols - natural antioxidants;
For diabetics of the second type, it is extremely important that the product contains a sufficient amount of fiber, which contributes to the uniform flow of glucose into the blood, after consuming a certain product.
To find out whether the benefits of popcorn are great for the patient, you should know his GI, to understand how much the concentration of glucose in the blood rises.
What is the popcorn glycemic index
"Safe" products, deprived of quickly digestible (empty) carbohydrates are those whose index reaches the level of 49 units inclusive. They should be included in the daily basic ration of a person. Food and beverages with an average value (50-69 units) are allowed in the diet up to three times a week, in small portions.
In addition, diabetes should be in a state of remission, and after consuming food from this category, you should definitely take some time for physical exertion, as they help the body to process glucose faster. All products with a high rate (70 units and more) contain easily digestible carbohydrates, rapidly raising the concentration of glucose in the blood. At the same time, they do not provide a person with adequate energy.
When choosing food, you need to consider calorie foods. It also happens that in some of them the index is zero or very low, but the caloric content is quite high due to the fat content. These include - lard, vegetable oils, nuts, seeds.
Popcorn has the following meanings:
- the glycemic index of popcorn is 85 units;
- calorie content per 100 grams of the finished product without additives will be 401 kcal;
- 100 grams of caramelized popcorn contains 470 kcal.
From this it turns out that popcorn falls under the strict prohibition of the sick "sweet" disease due to the property of rapidly increasing the concentration of glucose in the blood.
Also for those who want to lose weight this product should be excluded from the diet.
Unfortunately, in stores and fast food cafes you cannot find high-quality popcorn. In such food chains, it is always sold with harmful food additives or white sugar.
Excess sugar can cause allergies, and additives and flavors negatively affect the entire immune system and the gastrointestinal tract.
In the process of cooking using vegetable oil, which adds caloric content to an already high-calorie product.
The main disadvantages of eating popcorn:
- high calorie increases the likelihood of weight gain;
- flavors adversely affect the work of the digestive tract;
- sweet and salty popcorn causes a feeling of thirst and delays the release of fluid from the body.
All of these cons cast great doubt on the benefits of popcorn.
So this delicacy is better to replace with more useful one - dried fruits, nuts, seeds.
Tips endocrinologist nutrition
As described earlier, products for diet therapy are selected according to the GI and calorie content. However, this is not yet an absolute success in normalizing blood sugar levels. Need to be able to eat right.
So, it is necessary to avoid overeating and fasting. If a person has recently eaten, but after a short time he wants to eat, then it is allowed to have a snack. To do this, fit a vegetable salad, 50 grams of nuts or dried fruit, jelly on oatmeal with diet bread or a boiled egg. In general, the snack should be low in calories and have a high nutritional value.
In addition, the portions for diabetics themselves are small, nutritional fractional, from five to six times a day, preferably at regular intervals. Daily caloric content of all dishes up to 2300 -2500 kcal. If the patient is overweight, the calorie intake is reduced to 200 kcal. The minimum daily intake of fluid intake is two liters.
The main rules of diet therapy:
- food balanced, low carbohydrate;
- sugar, sweets, flour products from wheat flour of the first grade, mayonnaise, store sauces, fatty dairy products, white rice, corn, watermelon, cantaloupe, sweet carbonated drinks are completely excluded;
- completely eliminate alcohol intake, as they delay the release of glucose and provoke the development of delayed glycemia;
- observe the water balance;
- eat food of plant and animal origin every day;
- five to six meals a day;
- do not add margarine, butter to cereal;
- for baking, take rye, flaxseed, amaranth, coconut, oatmeal, buckwheat flour;
- as a sweetener, endocrinologists recommend the use of natural sweeteners, such as stevia;
- heat treat food properly.
When improperly heat-treated foods can acquire bad cholesterol. Its accumulation in the human body threatens with the formation of cholesterol plaques, blockage of blood vessels.
Permitted heat treatment:
- bake in the oven;
- fry in a pan with a teflon coating or grill;
- Stew in a saucepan on the water, using a minimum of oil.
So diet therapy for diabetes is aimed at stabilizing blood glucose levels and maintaining all body functions in a normal state.
But this is not the only method to combat the "sweet" disease. Being engaged in sports and turning to traditional medicine, it is possible to reduce the disease to "no."
Second in importance after a low carbohydrate diet, are regular exercise. It is a mistake to believe that they are banned for diabetics. Of course, in case of complication of the course of the disease in insulin-dependent patients, a compulsory consultation of an endocrinologist is necessary before the start of classes.
Physical education should be given at least three days a week, the duration of one lesson 45 - 60 minutes. If there is not enough time for sports, then it is necessary to make long walks every day, for example, to give up commuting and walking.
Before classes, be sure to arrange a light snack - a handful of nuts and a glass of warm coffee with cream will satisfy the feeling of hunger and will give a charge of cheerfulness. The following types of physical education are allowed for diabetics:
- walking sports and Scandinavian;
If such methods fail to control the level of glucose in the blood, you can turn to traditional medicine with help. Just do not wait for lightning results. The fact is that such treatment has a cumulative effect, that is, healing substances need to accumulate in sufficient quantities in the body, and only then the therapeutic effect will be seen.
Well reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood of bilberry leaves with diabetes mellitus and sash beans, corn silk extract. But do not forget that self-medicating is dangerous to health. When making any decisions, you should consult an endocrinologist in advance.
The video in this article talks about the dangers of popcorn.